Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type I Counseling and Testing Program in the Prenatal Setting

Arlene D. Bardeguez, Thomas Denny, Paul Palumbo, Yvonne Wesley, James Oleske, Edward Connor, Gerson Weiss, Arlene D. Bardeguez, Thomas Denny, Paul Palumbo, Yvonne Wesley, James Oleske, Edward Connor, Gerson Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The objectives of this study were to ascertain the acceptance rate of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) testing in a high-prevalence area and to describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of seropositive women diagnosed in the prenatal setting. Methods: A retrospective review was carried out of the prenatal HIV-1 counseling and testing program at University Hospital, Newark, NJ (1989-1990). Results: Sixty-seven percent (741/1,114) of the women offered HIV-1 counseling services accepted testing and 40 (40/741:5.3%) new cases were identified. Heterosexual contact was the primary exposure (17:52%) of these women, of whom 13 (73%) had negative syphilis serologies. Sixty-four percent were asymptomatic. The mean absolute CD4 lymphocyte count in seropositive women was 514 ± 305 cells/mm3. Severe immunosuppression was seen in 7/32 (22%) patients. Seventy-three percent (24/33) depended on public-assistance programs for their health-care services. Conclusions: A voluntary HIV-1 counseling and testing program is well accepted in the prenatal setting. It can provide early identification of asymptomatic seropositive women and infants at risk and lead to early intervention and therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-235
Number of pages7
JournalInfectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Fingerprint

Counseling
HIV
HIV-1
Public Assistance
Heterosexuality
Serology
Syphilis
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Secondary Prevention
Immunosuppression
Health Services
Delivery of Health Care

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Dermatology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • HIV-1 seroprevalence
  • immunosuppression
  • pregnancy

Cite this

Bardeguez, Arlene D. ; Denny, Thomas ; Palumbo, Paul ; Wesley, Yvonne ; Oleske, James ; Connor, Edward ; Weiss, Gerson ; Bardeguez, Arlene D. ; Denny, Thomas ; Palumbo, Paul ; Wesley, Yvonne ; Oleske, James ; Connor, Edward ; Weiss, Gerson. / Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type I Counseling and Testing Program in the Prenatal Setting. In: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1995 ; Vol. 3, No. 6. pp. 229-235.
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Bardeguez, AD, Denny, T, Palumbo, P, Wesley, Y, Oleske, J, Connor, E, Weiss, G, Bardeguez, AD, Denny, T, Palumbo, P, Wesley, Y, Oleske, J, Connor, E & Weiss, G 1995, 'Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type I Counseling and Testing Program in the Prenatal Setting', Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 229-235. https://doi.org/10.1155/S106474499500069X

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type I Counseling and Testing Program in the Prenatal Setting. / Bardeguez, Arlene D.; Denny, Thomas; Palumbo, Paul; Wesley, Yvonne; Oleske, James; Connor, Edward; Weiss, Gerson; Bardeguez, Arlene D.; Denny, Thomas; Palumbo, Paul; Wesley, Yvonne; Oleske, James; Connor, Edward; Weiss, Gerson.

In: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 3, No. 6, 01.01.1995, p. 229-235.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bardeguez, Arlene D.

AU - Denny, Thomas

AU - Palumbo, Paul

AU - Wesley, Yvonne

AU - Oleske, James

AU - Connor, Edward

AU - Weiss, Gerson

AU - Bardeguez, Arlene D.

AU - Denny, Thomas

AU - Palumbo, Paul

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AU - Oleske, James

AU - Connor, Edward

AU - Weiss, Gerson

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