Identification of an enhancer invlved in tissue-specific regulation of the rat fibronectin gene

Sarah A. Sporn, Jean E. Schwarzbauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fibronectin (FN) is a widely distributed extracellular matrix protein that is essential for cell adhesion in a variety of biological processes such as wound healing, tissue development and remodelling and oncogenic transformation. Appropriate FN gene in response to specific factors or circumstances in vivo. In order to identify reulatory reions involved in tissue-specific expression of FN, we have examined the transcriptional activity of overlappin framents, within 4kb upstream of the rat FN gene, followin transfection into differetn cell types. Two reions conferred increases in transcription. The region between-1.08 and -2.6 displayed tissue-specificity and was active in fibroblasts but not hepatoma cells. The second region, between -3.2 and -3.9, was active in both cell types. Further characterization of the -1.08 to -2.6 sement demonstrated that it acts as an enhancer. Exonuclease III deletions of the 3′ and 5′ ends of the enhancer localized essential sequences between -1.5 and -1.7 and Indicate that this frament acts in concert with other sites between -1.08 and -2.6 to provided maximum enhacer activity. el mobility shift assays demonstrated fibroblast-specific bindin of nuclear protein(s) to a65 bp frament within the essential reion and DNase I foot printin localized this bindin toa 27 bp sequence. Deletion of the sequence abolished the activity of the 1.5 kb enhancer. These studies show that a novel DNA sequence at -1688 is involved in reulatin transciption of the FN FN ene in fibroblasts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3335-3342
Number of pages8
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume23
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 1995

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Fibronectins
Genes
Fibroblasts
Biological Phenomena
Organ Specificity
Sequence Deletion
Extracellular Matrix Proteins
Deoxyribonuclease I
Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay
Nuclear Proteins
Cell Adhesion
Wound Healing
Transfection
Foot
Hepatocellular Carcinoma

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

Cite this

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abstract = "Fibronectin (FN) is a widely distributed extracellular matrix protein that is essential for cell adhesion in a variety of biological processes such as wound healing, tissue development and remodelling and oncogenic transformation. Appropriate FN gene in response to specific factors or circumstances in vivo. In order to identify reulatory reions involved in tissue-specific expression of FN, we have examined the transcriptional activity of overlappin framents, within 4kb upstream of the rat FN gene, followin transfection into differetn cell types. Two reions conferred increases in transcription. The region between-1.08 and -2.6 displayed tissue-specificity and was active in fibroblasts but not hepatoma cells. The second region, between -3.2 and -3.9, was active in both cell types. Further characterization of the -1.08 to -2.6 sement demonstrated that it acts as an enhancer. Exonuclease III deletions of the 3′ and 5′ ends of the enhancer localized essential sequences between -1.5 and -1.7 and Indicate that this frament acts in concert with other sites between -1.08 and -2.6 to provided maximum enhacer activity. el mobility shift assays demonstrated fibroblast-specific bindin of nuclear protein(s) to a65 bp frament within the essential reion and DNase I foot printin localized this bindin toa 27 bp sequence. Deletion of the sequence abolished the activity of the 1.5 kb enhancer. These studies show that a novel DNA sequence at -1688 is involved in reulatin transciption of the FN FN ene in fibroblasts.",
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Identification of an enhancer invlved in tissue-specific regulation of the rat fibronectin gene. / Sporn, Sarah A.; Schwarzbauer, Jean E.

In: Nucleic acids research, Vol. 23, No. 16, 25.08.1995, p. 3335-3342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identification of an enhancer invlved in tissue-specific regulation of the rat fibronectin gene

AU - Sporn, Sarah A.

AU - Schwarzbauer, Jean E.

PY - 1995/8/25

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N2 - Fibronectin (FN) is a widely distributed extracellular matrix protein that is essential for cell adhesion in a variety of biological processes such as wound healing, tissue development and remodelling and oncogenic transformation. Appropriate FN gene in response to specific factors or circumstances in vivo. In order to identify reulatory reions involved in tissue-specific expression of FN, we have examined the transcriptional activity of overlappin framents, within 4kb upstream of the rat FN gene, followin transfection into differetn cell types. Two reions conferred increases in transcription. The region between-1.08 and -2.6 displayed tissue-specificity and was active in fibroblasts but not hepatoma cells. The second region, between -3.2 and -3.9, was active in both cell types. Further characterization of the -1.08 to -2.6 sement demonstrated that it acts as an enhancer. Exonuclease III deletions of the 3′ and 5′ ends of the enhancer localized essential sequences between -1.5 and -1.7 and Indicate that this frament acts in concert with other sites between -1.08 and -2.6 to provided maximum enhacer activity. el mobility shift assays demonstrated fibroblast-specific bindin of nuclear protein(s) to a65 bp frament within the essential reion and DNase I foot printin localized this bindin toa 27 bp sequence. Deletion of the sequence abolished the activity of the 1.5 kb enhancer. These studies show that a novel DNA sequence at -1688 is involved in reulatin transciption of the FN FN ene in fibroblasts.

AB - Fibronectin (FN) is a widely distributed extracellular matrix protein that is essential for cell adhesion in a variety of biological processes such as wound healing, tissue development and remodelling and oncogenic transformation. Appropriate FN gene in response to specific factors or circumstances in vivo. In order to identify reulatory reions involved in tissue-specific expression of FN, we have examined the transcriptional activity of overlappin framents, within 4kb upstream of the rat FN gene, followin transfection into differetn cell types. Two reions conferred increases in transcription. The region between-1.08 and -2.6 displayed tissue-specificity and was active in fibroblasts but not hepatoma cells. The second region, between -3.2 and -3.9, was active in both cell types. Further characterization of the -1.08 to -2.6 sement demonstrated that it acts as an enhancer. Exonuclease III deletions of the 3′ and 5′ ends of the enhancer localized essential sequences between -1.5 and -1.7 and Indicate that this frament acts in concert with other sites between -1.08 and -2.6 to provided maximum enhacer activity. el mobility shift assays demonstrated fibroblast-specific bindin of nuclear protein(s) to a65 bp frament within the essential reion and DNase I foot printin localized this bindin toa 27 bp sequence. Deletion of the sequence abolished the activity of the 1.5 kb enhancer. These studies show that a novel DNA sequence at -1688 is involved in reulatin transciption of the FN FN ene in fibroblasts.

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