Identification of constitutive material model parameters for high-strain rate metal cutting conditions using evolutionary computational algorithms

Tuǧrul Özel, Yiǧit Karpat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

Advances in plasticity-based analytical modeling and finite element methods (FEM) based numerical modeling of metal cutting have resulted in capabilities of predicting the physical phenomena in metal cutting such as forces, temperatures, and stresses generated. However, accuracy and reliability of these predictions rely on a work material constitutive model describing the flow stress, at which work material starts to plastically deform. This paper presents a methodology to determine deformation behavior of work materials in high-strain rate metal cutting conditions and utilizes evolutionary computational methods in identifying constitutive model parameters. The Johnson-Cook (JC) constitutive model and cooperative particle swarm optimization (CPSO) method are combined to investigate the effects of high-strain rate dependency, thermal softening and strain rate-temperature coupling on the material flow stress. The methodology is applied in predicting JC constitutive model parameters, and the results are compared with the other solutions. Evolutionary computational algorithms have outperformed the classical data fitting solutions. This methodology can also be extended to other constitutive material models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-667
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials and Manufacturing Processes
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Keywords

  • Constitutive material models
  • High-strain rate plasticity
  • Metal cutting
  • Particle swarm optimization

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