The development of antiidiotypic autoimmunity with respect to HLA alloantigens provides an attractive explanation for the phenomenon of maternal tolerance to the fetus and for the tandem selection of two antagonistic traits, major histocompatibility complex polymorphism and alloreactivity. We have demonstrated that both T and B lymphocyte responses to allogeneic HLA antigens are subjected to feedback regulation by autologous antiidiotypic immunity. Idiotypic receptors for the alloantigen expressed by T lymphocytes induce antiidiotypic antibodies that are readily detectable in serum during pregnancy, and antiidiotypic T cells that can be revealed in the autologous mixed lymphocyte culture system. Such antiidiotypic T cells and antibodies inhibit specifically the alloimmune function of autologous T cell lines. Similarly, antiidiotypic antibodies (Ab2) to HLA antibody molecules (Ab1) block the binding of the latter to the immunizing HLA antigen. The prevalence of Ab2 over Ab1 during pregnancy may explain the maternal tolerance to the fetus.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 1985|
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