Impact of Symptomatic Peripheral Arterial Disease on 1-Year Mortality in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

Eugenia Nikolsky, Roxana Mehran, Gary S. Mintz, George D. Dangas, Alexandra J. Lansky, Eve D. Aymong, Manuela Negoita, Martin Fahy, Issam Moussa, Gary S. Roubin, Jeffrey W. Moses, Gregg W. Stone, Martin B. Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the impact of symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) on clinical outcomes in patients treated with percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Methods and Results: Symptomatic PAD was identified in 1969 (18.9%) of 10440 consecutive patients undergoing PCI. Patients with PAD were older, more frequently female, and had smaller body surface area and more atherosclerotic risk factors, chronic renal insufficiency, and heart failure. Patients with PAD had lower rates of procedural success (94.2% versus 96.2%, p<0.0001) and higher rates of in-hospital complications, including all-cause mortality (2.1% versus 1.1%, p=0.0002), cardiac death (1. 5% versus 0.7%, p=0.0009), urgent coronary artery bypass grafting (1.9% versus 1.2%, p=0.01), recurrent ischemia (5.6% versus 2.8%, p<0.0001), re-PCI to the target lesion (2.4% versus 1.1%, p<0.0001), stroke (0.6% versus 0.3%, p=0.0344), transient ischemic attack (0.4% versus 0.1%, p=0.01), femoral hematoma (10.3% versus 8.5%, p=0.01), retroperitoneal hematoma (0.8% versus 0.3%, p=0.009), limb ischemia (3.0% versus 0.7%, p<0.0001), gastrointestinal bleeding (1.9% versus 0.9%, p<0.0001), and blood transfusion (10.1% versus 5.2%, p<0.0001). At 1-year follow-up, patients with PAD had a higher mortality rate (13.6% versus 5.2%, p<0.0001), a higher rate of myocardial infarction (8.3% versus 6.5%, p=0.008), and also more target lesion (21.2% versus 19.8%, p=0.02) or target vessel revascularization (24.6% versus 21.2%, p=0.002). By multivariate analysis, PAD was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality (odds ratio 1.71, 95% confidence interval 1.42 to 2.07, p<0.0001). Conclusions: Nearly a fifth of patients undergoing PCI have symptomatic PAD. The presence of PAD is associated with lower rates of procedural success, higher rates of in-hospital and 1-year adverse events, and is independently associated with increased 1-year mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-70
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Keywords

  • Angioplasty
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • Outcome analysis
  • Peripheral vascular disease

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