The retroviral integrase (IN) carries out the integration of the viral DNA into the host genome. Both IN and the DNA sequences at the viral long-terminal repeat (LTR) are required for the integration function. In this report, a series of minor groove binding hairpin polyamides targeting sequences within terminal inverted repeats of the Moloney murine leukemia virus (M-MuLV) LTR were synthesized, and their effects on integration were analyzed. Using cell-free in vitro integration assays, polyamides targeting the conserved CA dinucleotide with cognate sites closest to the terminal base pairs were effective at blocking 3′ processing but not strand transfer. Polyamides which efficiently inhibited 3′ processing and strand transfer targeted the LTR sequences through position 9. Polyamides that inhibited integration were effective at nanomolar concentrations and showed subnanomolar affinity for their cognate LTR sites. These studies highlight the role of minor groove interactions within the LTR termini for retroviral integration.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - May 27 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas