Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 mediates IGF-I action in a bovine mammary epithelial cell line independent of an IGF interaction

Constance J. Grill, Wendie Cohick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

IGF-I is mitogenic for the bovine mammary epithelial cell line MAC-T. In addition, IGF-I specifically upregulates IGFBP-3 synthesis in these cells. To investigate this effect on cell growth and IGF-I responsiveness, cell lines were developed that constitutively express IGFBP-3. MAC-T cells transfected with IGFBP-3 (+BP3) or vector alone (Mock) grew similarly over 7 days in 10 or 1% fetal calf serum. Basal DNA synthesis was lower (70%) in +BP3 cells compared to Mock cells. However, DNA synthesis was increased by IGF-I (1-50 ng/ml) relative to untreated controls to a greater extent in +BP3 cells compared to Mock cells. IGF-I (20 ng/ml) increased DNA synthesis 11- and threefold in +BP3 and Mock cells, respectively. Additionally, +BP3 cells were more sensitive to the lower concentrations of IGF-I (1-5 ng/ml). In contrast, preincubation of Mock cells with exogenous IGFBP-3 did not enhance responsiveness or sensitivity to IGF-I. Basal DNA synthesis was unaffected by either an IGF neutralizing antibody or exogenous IGFBP3, indicating the differences observed between +BP3 and Mock cells were not attributable to sequestration of endogenous IGF-I by IGFBP-3. There were no differences between +BP3 and Mock cells in IGF-I receptor number or affinity. DNA synthesis was also increased in +BP3 cells, compared to controls, in response to 5 μg/ml insulin and 2.5 ng/ml long R3IGF-I, indicating that the potentiated response did not require an interaction with IGFBP-3. These results suggest that IGF-I regulation of IGFBP-3 represents a regulatory loop, the function of which is to increase IGF-I bioactivity, using a mechanism that does require an IGF-I-IGFBP-3 interaction. (C) 2000 Wiley- Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-283
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume183
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 14 2000

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Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Breast
Epithelial Cells
Cell Line
DNA
IGF Type 1 Receptor
T-cells
Cell growth
Bioactivity
Neutralizing Antibodies
Cells
Insulin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 mediates IGF-I action in a bovine mammary epithelial cell line independent of an IGF interaction",
abstract = "IGF-I is mitogenic for the bovine mammary epithelial cell line MAC-T. In addition, IGF-I specifically upregulates IGFBP-3 synthesis in these cells. To investigate this effect on cell growth and IGF-I responsiveness, cell lines were developed that constitutively express IGFBP-3. MAC-T cells transfected with IGFBP-3 (+BP3) or vector alone (Mock) grew similarly over 7 days in 10 or 1{\%} fetal calf serum. Basal DNA synthesis was lower (70{\%}) in +BP3 cells compared to Mock cells. However, DNA synthesis was increased by IGF-I (1-50 ng/ml) relative to untreated controls to a greater extent in +BP3 cells compared to Mock cells. IGF-I (20 ng/ml) increased DNA synthesis 11- and threefold in +BP3 and Mock cells, respectively. Additionally, +BP3 cells were more sensitive to the lower concentrations of IGF-I (1-5 ng/ml). In contrast, preincubation of Mock cells with exogenous IGFBP-3 did not enhance responsiveness or sensitivity to IGF-I. Basal DNA synthesis was unaffected by either an IGF neutralizing antibody or exogenous IGFBP3, indicating the differences observed between +BP3 and Mock cells were not attributable to sequestration of endogenous IGF-I by IGFBP-3. There were no differences between +BP3 and Mock cells in IGF-I receptor number or affinity. DNA synthesis was also increased in +BP3 cells, compared to controls, in response to 5 μg/ml insulin and 2.5 ng/ml long R3IGF-I, indicating that the potentiated response did not require an interaction with IGFBP-3. These results suggest that IGF-I regulation of IGFBP-3 represents a regulatory loop, the function of which is to increase IGF-I bioactivity, using a mechanism that does require an IGF-I-IGFBP-3 interaction. (C) 2000 Wiley- Liss, Inc.",
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