Ca2+ oscillations that depend on inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) have been ascribed to biphasic Ca2+ regulation of the IP3 receptor (IP3R) or feedback mechanisms controlling IP3 levels in different cell types. IP3 uncaging in hepatocytes elicits Ca2+ transients that are often localized at the subcellular level and increase in magnitude with stimulus strength. However, this does not reproduce the broad baseline-separated global Ca2+ oscillations elicited by vasopressin. Addition of hormone to cells activated by IP3 uncaging initiates a qualitative transition from high-frequency spatially disorganized Ca2+ transients, to low-frequency, oscillatory Ca2+ waves that propagate throughout the cell. A mathematical model with dual coupled oscillators that integrates Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release at the IP3R and mutual feedback mechanisms of cross-coupling between Ca2+ and IP3 reproduces this behavior. Thus, multiple Ca2+ oscillation modes can coexist in the same cell, and hormonal stimulation can switch from the simpler to the more complex to yield robust signaling.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology
- Mathematical Biosciences
- Specialized Functions of Cells