Land resource impact indicators of urban sprawl

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301 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sprawl has been loosely defined as dispersed and inefficient urban growth. We propose a series of five indicators that examine the per capita consumption of land taken in new development in relation to several critical land resource impacts associated to sprawl including: (1) density of new urbanization; (2) loss of prime farmland; (3) loss of natural wetlands; (4) loss of core forest habitat; and (5) increase of impervious surface. These Land Resource Impact (LRI) indicators were measured for each of New Jersey's 566 municipalities using a 1986 to 1995 land use/land cover digital database along with US Census population data. By integrating population growth with land resource loss a more nuanced interpretation of land use change is provided than in previous analyses of sprawl.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-175
Number of pages17
JournalApplied Geography
Volume23
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Forestry
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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