Late Devonian marine ecosystems of the lower west falls group in New York

George R. McGhee, Robert G. Sutton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The shallow-water strata of the lower West Falls Group (Upper Devonian) in New York can be subdivided into three units on the basis of extensive black shale tongues from the deep-water Rhinestreet Shale. These units are the "Millport equivalent," "Beers Hill equivalent," and "Meads Creek equivalent" in ascending stratigraphic order. Two distinctive community-types developed during lower West Falls deposition: a shallower water spiriferacean-rhynchonellide-bivalve species ensemble, and a deeper water assemblage of unattached epibenthic and sessile semi-infaunal brachiopods. During deposition of the "Beers Hill equivalent," an additional diverse assemblage-the Nervostrophia-Devonochonetes Community-developed in a unique array of muddy, delta platform environments flanked by seaward, delta front sand bars. The evolution of lower West Falls marine ecosystems represents a complex interaction of biological and physical patterns, of which regional differences in substratum type, and the evolution of those differences through time, played a major role.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-209
Number of pages11
JournalSpecial Paper of the Geological Society of America
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology


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