Liver fat and plasma ethanol are sharply lower in rats fed ethanol in conjunction with high carbohydrate compared with high fat diets

Hans Fisher, Alycia Halladay, Nagarani Ramasubramaniam, James C. Petrucci, Dennis Dagounis, Anna Sekowski, Joseph V. Martin, George C. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of high fat and high carbohydrate diets on alcohol metabolism were studied on blood alcohol and liver fat concentration. In Experiment 1, rats consumed an alcohol-containing liquid diet. Blood was collected for ethanol, glucose and lactate analyses and livers were excised for lipid determination. Blood ethanol and liver fat were lower when rats consumed the high carbohydrate diet. Glucose concentrations were lower in rats fed the high fat diet compared with those fed the high carbohydrate diet when ethanol was consumed. In Experiment 2, rats consumed a high fat, ethanol-containing diet for 13 d. Half of the rats were switched to a high carbohydrate, ethanol-containing diet for an additional 11 d. The same analyses were carried out as for Experiment 1. Switching the high fat-fed rats to the high carbohydrate diet reversed the high blood ethanol and high liver fat values, even though the rats consumed significantly more alcohol with the high carbohydrate diet. In Experiment 3 the same high fat and high carbohydrate diets without ethanol were consumed for 2 wk, at which time ethanol was administered acutely, intraperitoneally, at 2 g/kg. Blood was analyzed for ethanol, glucose and lactate 30, 60 and 120 min after injection. Rats fed the high carbohydrate diet had lower blood ethanol but higher lactate at 120 min compared with those fed the high fat diet. The results suggest that the rate of ethanol elimination is slower in rats fed high fat than in those fed high carbohydrate diets, resulting in elevated blood ethanol and liver fat levels for the former.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2732-2736
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume132
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Keywords

  • Blood alcohol
  • Blood glucose
  • Blood lactate
  • Liver fat
  • Rats

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Liver fat and plasma ethanol are sharply lower in rats fed ethanol in conjunction with high carbohydrate compared with high fat diets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this