Measuring Career Orientations in the Era of the Boundaryless Career

Jesus Bravo, Scott E. Seibert, Maria L. Kraimer, Sandy J. Wayne, Robert C. Liden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Schein proposed his career anchor construct more than 40 years ago. The purpose of our research is to use current career theory perspectives to reconceptualize and develop a measure that is grounded in the career anchor framework but better reflects the boundaryless nature of careers today. We conducted two studies in which we develop and validate a measure of career orientation by examining its internal structure (Study 1) and external validity within a nomological network of conceptually related variables (Study 2). Results suggest that career orientation is best represented by a six-dimension factor structure: entrepreneurial creativity, security, managerial competence, lifestyle, technical competence, and service to a cause. Five of the six factors that emerged were correlated as expected with proactive personality, ambition, career self-management behaviors, mentoring relationships, and workplace attitudes, providing support for our conceptualization and measure of career orientation. The implications for both theory and practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)502-525
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Career Assessment
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


  • boundaryless career
  • career anchor
  • career orientation
  • protean career

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