Microbial Control of Insect Pests of Turfgrass

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

11 Scopus citations


Use of microbial control agents (MCAs) in turfgrass is very limited due to high turf quality standards and competition from synthetic insecticides. The entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium spp. and Beauveria bassiana are available for the control of surface feeding insects (but little efficacy data is available) and white grubs (performance is variable and often unsatisfactory). The use of scarab-active Bacillus thuringiensis strains has been limited by significant differences in performance against different important white grub species. Paenibacillus popilliae use against Japanese beetle larvae is limited by availability and inconsistent performance. In New Zealand, Serratia entomophila is used commercially against Costelytra zealandica in pastures. Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) have shown good control of caterpillars, billbugs, mole crickets, and many white grub species. However, poor shelf life and poor ease-of-use impinge on the wider use of EPN products. The use of MCAs could be increased by more systematically exploiting their ability to recycle and provide long-term pest suppression. Significant increases in MCA use will likely happen only through education and legislation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMicrobial Control of Insect and Mite Pests
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Theory to Practice
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9780128035665
ISBN (Print)9780128035276
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


  • Baculoviruses
  • Entomopathogenic bacteria
  • Entomopathogenic fungi
  • Entomopathogenic nematodes
  • Microbial control
  • Nucleopolyhedroviruses
  • Turfgrass


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