Heat transfer in particulate materials affects a wide variety of applications ranging from multi-phase reactors to kilns and calciners. In catalyst manufacturing, heat transfer through granular media (catalyst) occurs in the impregnation and calcinations stages. We use the discrete element model to simulate flow, mixing, and heat transport in granular flow systems in rotary calciners and impregnators. Granular flow and heat transport properties are taken into account in order to develop a fundamental understanding of their effect on dryer and calcination performance. Simulations have shown that as rotation speed decreases, both heat transfer and temperature uniformity of the granular bed for both calciner and impregnator increase. Depending on baffle size, baffles can either increase or decrease heat transfer in double cone impregnators. Granular cohesion does not affect heat transfer in the range of values examined.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- DEM simulations
- Granular materials
- Heat transfer
- Powder technology