Monitoring real-time curing of epoxies in situ using single-sided NMR

Mackenzie Kelley, Nastaran Abdol, Parviz Soroushian, Kristina Keating, Anagi M. Balachandra, Tyler Meldrum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adhesively bonded joints using epoxy are widely used in aircraft and aerospace structures. Quality control and defect detection during epoxy curing in such applications is critical. We used single-sided nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to nondestructively probe and spatially resolve the change in the characteristic NMR relaxation time (T2) of epoxies during curing on a substrate. Time-dependent T2 values were fit to a Weibull function to model temporal changes in the NMR measurables. Our results demonstrate that the reduction in molecular mobility of various epoxy/curing agent mixtures occurs more rapidly at the interface than in the bulk. Further use of single-sided NMR to acquire spatially resolved T2 data will provide a route for elucidatory epoxy curing studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)616-623
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Polymer Science
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Keywords

  • NMR relaxometry
  • epoxy curing
  • interfaces
  • nondestructive
  • single-sided NMR

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