Multi-constrained authoring of occupant behavior narratives in architectural design

Xun Zhang, Davide Schaumann, Brandon Haworth, Petros Faloutsos, Mubbasir Kapadia

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Building-Information Modeling (BIM) tools provide static representations of built environments, disjointed from the expected behaviors of their future inhabitants. Current approaches for simulating buildings in use can be categorized as building-centric, where occupancy distributions are specified, behavior-centric, where multi-agent behaviors are modeled, or occupant-centric, where occupants behave based on their individual motivations. In this paper, we combine these methods into an integrated framework to author narratives that satisfy multi-level time-varying constraints, such as (a) building-level occupancy specifications, (b) zone-level behavior distributions, and (c) occupant-level motivations. Such information is encoded into customizable templates associated with BIM models. A case study highlights the ability of this approach to seamlessly author behavior narratives that can be used for visualizing, analyzing and communicating how buildings may be used by their future inhabitants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalSimulation Series
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2019
Event10th Annual Symposium on Simulation for Architecture and Urban Design, SimAUD 2019 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: Apr 7 2019Apr 9 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • Behavior authoring
  • Building Information Modeling
  • Building occupancy simulation
  • Building semantics
  • Human behavior narratives
  • Multiagent systems


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