Muscle swelling following blood flow-restricted exercise does not differ between cuff widths in the proximal or distal portions of the upper leg

Zachary W Bell, Takashi Abe, Vickie Wong, Robert W Spitz, Ricardo B Viana, Raksha N Chatakondi, Scott J Dankel, Yujiro Yamada, Jeremy P Loenneke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose was to understand how wider cuffs, covering larger portions of the limb, may affect acute muscle swelling when used during low-load knee extension exercise with blood flow restriction. A total of 96 individuals (53 females and 43 males) completed two visits, with visit one used for measuring maximal strength and arterial occlusion pressure (AOP), and visit two to compare between a narrow (5 cm) and a wide (12 cm) cuff for acute changes in muscle thickness and echo intensity following exercise. Ultrasound measurements were completed at a proximal and distal site within both legs, with the proximal site located beneath the cuff within the leg exercising using the wide cuff. Study findings indicate that the difference in acute changes for muscle thickness [median difference (95% credible interval) of 0.009 (-0.03, 0.05) cm] and echo intensity [median difference (95% credible interval) of 0.79 (-0.28, 1.89) AU] between cuff widths did not differ between proximal and distal sites. Additionally, acute changes in muscle thickness did not differ between cuff widths, sexes or participants who had AOP measured and those who were estimated. Lastly, acute changes in echo intensity did not differ between cuff widths and those who had AOP measured and those who were estimated. However, there was evidence showing how there might be greater reductions in echo intensity for females at the distal site. The previously observed attenuation of muscle growth under the cuff is unlikely to be related to differences in the acute muscle swelling response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - Apr 22 2020

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