Inorganic-organic hybrid solid electrolytes are promising material systems for all solid-state batteries (ASSBs). These electrolytes contain numerous solid|solid interfaces that govern transport pathways, electrode|electrolyte compatibility, and durability. This paper evaluates the role that electrode|electrolyte interfaces and electrolyte structure have on electrochemical performance. Atomic force microscopy techniques reveal how mechanical, adhesion, and morphological properties transform in a series of model hybrid solid electrolytes. These measurements are mapped to sub-surface microstructural features using synchrotron nano-tomography. Hybrid solid electrolytes with shorter polymer chains demonstrate a higher adhesion (>100 nN), Young's Modulus (6.4 GPa), capacity (114.6 mAh/g), and capacity retention (92.9%) than hybrid electrolytes with longer polymer chains (i.e., higher molecular weight). Extrinsic interfacial properties largely dictate electrochemical performance in ASSBs. Microstructural control over inorganic constituents may provide a means for tailoring interfacial properties in hybrid solid electrolytes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- atomic force microscopy
- solid electrolyte
- solid-state battery