Nanotechnology and concrete: Research opportunities

P. Balaguru, K. Chong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

25 Scopus citations


Synopsis: Nanotechnology is one of the most active research areas that encompasses a number of disciplines including civil engineering and construction materials. The most active fields are electronics, biomechanics, and coatings. Interest in nanotechnology concept for portland-cement composites is steadily growing. Currently, the most active research areas dealing with cement and concrete are: understanding of the hydration of cement particles and the use of nano-size ingredients such as alumina and silica particles. There are also a limited number of investigations dealing with the manufacture of nanocement. If cement with nano-size particles can be manufactured and processed, it will open up a large number of opportunities in the fields of ceramics, high-strength composites, and electronic applications. This will elevate the status of portland cement to a high-tech material in addition to its current status of the most widely used construction material. Very few inorganic cementing materials can match the capabilities of portland cement in terms of cost and availability. The main objective of this paper is to outline promising research areas. Basic background information on nanotechnology research, state of the art on use of this technology in concrete, opportunities, and challenges are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationAmerican Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication
Number of pages14
Edition254 SP
StatePublished - 2008
EventNanotechnology of Concrete: Recent Developments and Future Perspectives - ACI Fall 2006 Convention - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Nov 8 2006Nov 8 2006

Publication series

NameAmerican Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication
Number254 SP


OtherNanotechnology of Concrete: Recent Developments and Future Perspectives - ACI Fall 2006 Convention
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDenver, CO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


  • Carbon
  • Composites
  • Nano portland cement
  • Nanotubes


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