Negative metabolic effects of cGMP are enhanced in obese rat hearts

Harvey R. Weiss, Elizabeth Katz, James Tse, Peter M. Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Leptin resistance leads to obesity and may affect responses to the second messenger cGMP. We tested the hypothesis that the myocardial negative metabolic response to cGMP would be enhanced in leptin-resistant animals. This hypothesis was tested in anesthetized open-chest Zucker obese (n = 16) and age-matched control rats (n = 13). Coronary blood flow (microspheres) and O2 extraction (microspectrophotometry) measurements were used to determine myocardial O2 consumption (VO2). Protein phosphorylation by cGMP protein kinase and cAMP phosphodiesterase activity were also determined. Either vehicle (saline) or 8-Br-cGMP (10-3 M) was topically applied to the left ventricular surface. Body weight was significantly greater in the obese rats (523 ± 17 versus 322 ± 12 g). There were no hemodynamic differences between groups. There was no difference in VO2 between lean (52 ± 13 mL O2/min/100 g) and obese (54 ± 9) vehicle-treated rats. 8-Br-cGMP significantly lowered VO2 in obese (35 ± 6) but not lean (45 ± 7) rats. This was not related to altered protein phosphorylation by the cGMP protein kinase. Cyclic GMP inhibited cAMP phosphodiesterase activity in lean but not obese hearts. Thus, the high myocardial oxygen consumption of lean rats was not significantly affected by cGMP but was reduced in obese hearts. This appeared to be related to a reduced inhibition of cAMP phosphodiesterase activity by cGMP in the Zucker obese rat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-538
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of cardiovascular pharmacology
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Keywords

  • CAMP phosphodiesterase
  • CGMP protein kinase
  • Coronary blood flow
  • Myocardial oxygen consumption
  • Obesity

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