No place like home? An identity strain perspective on repatriate turnover

Maria L. Kraimer, Margaret A. Shaffer, David A. Harrison, Hong Ren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations


We draw on identity theory to explain why employees returning from international assignments may leave their organizations. We tested our predictions over a 12-month period with a sample of 112 repatriated employees from a broad cross-section of firms. Prior job embeddedness during expatriation positively relates to the strength of an individual's identity as an international employee in repatriation. This creates identity strain when a repatriate perceives job deprivation relative to noninternational peers. Identity strain, in turn, promotes turnover. We discuss how this perspective contributes to theory on international role transitions, job embeddedness, and turnover mechanisms in general.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-420
Number of pages22
JournalAcademy of Management Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


Dive into the research topics of 'No place like home? An identity strain perspective on repatriate turnover'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this