We investigate hierarchies of nonlinear Schrödinger equations for multiparticle systems satisfying the separation property, i.e., where product wave functions evolve by the separate evolution of each factor. Such a hierarchy defines a nonlinear derivation on tensor products of the single-particle wave-function space, and satisfies a certain homogeneity property characterized by two new universal physical constants. A canonical construction of hierarchies is derived that allows the introduction, at any particular “threshold” number of particles, of truly new physical effects absent in systems having fewer particles. In particular, if single quantum particles satisfy the usual (linear) Schrödinger equation, a system of two particles can evolve by means of a fairly simple nonlinear Schrödinger equation without violating the separation property. Examples of Galileian-invariant hierarchies are given.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics