Nonlinear tube waves

David Linton Johnson, Sergio Kostek, Andrew N. Norris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The nonlinear characteristics of an acoustic tube wave propagating along the axis of a fluid-filled circular borehole in an elastic solid that is locally isotropic but whose properties may vary radially is considered. The analysis is carried out in the quasistatic limit. All terms through quadratic in the amplitude of the wave are considered and the amplitude of second-harmonic generation and the pressure dependence of the tube wave speed, dVT/dp, are expressed in terms of the fluid and formation nonlinear parameters. The results show that if there is no radial variation of the shear modulus of the solid then both the amplitude of second-harmonic generation and dVT/dp are independent of the third-order elastic constants of the solid and nearly equal to those of the fluid alone. If there is a radial variation of the shear modulus then the numerical calculations indicate that both the amplitude of second-harmonic generation and dVT/dp can be completely dominated by the nonlinear parameters of the solid. A perturbation theory valid for the case in which the shear modulus is nearly constant is derived that demonstrates that the nonlinear response is scaled by the value of the third-order parameters of the solid, leveraged by the degree and depth of alteration of the shear modulus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1829-1843
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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