Short-term cultures of 10 malignant melanomas derived from 8 patients were analyzed cytogenetically. The chromosome composition of the tumors was found to be similar in terms of modal number and structural and numerical aberrations, especially the nonrandom nature of breakpoints. Six chromosomes were consistently involved in marker formation. Aberrations of chromosomes #1 and #9 were identified in every tumor, whereas structural alterations of chromosome #2 were found in 9 tumors. In contrast, aberrations of chromosomes #6, #3, and #7 were identified in 7, 7, and 8 of the tumors, respectively. The nonrandom breakpoints on these chromosomes frequently coincided with known oncogenic loci and resulted in morphologically identical marker chromosomes. Consecutive lesions were obtained for two patients. Common markers were identified in both cases, indicating the clonal origin of the tumors. In addition, many marker chromosomes characteristic of the individual lesions were also identified. The presence of these lesion-specific markers indicates the nonrandom selective nature of the metastatic process and suggests the possible heterogeneity of the original tumor cell population.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research