The optimal allocation of indivisible resources is formalized as a stochastic optimization problem involving discrete decision variables. A general stochastic search procedure is proposed, which develops the concept of the branch-and-bound method. The main idea is to process large collections of possible solutions and to devote more attention to the most promising groups. By gathering more information to reduce the uncertainty and by narrowing the search area, the optimal solution can be found with probability one. Special techniques for calculating stochastic lower and upper bounds are discussed. The results arc illustrated by a computational experiment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Management Science and Operations Research