On squeezing balloons: Cost Control Fails Again

Steven A. Schroeder, Joel C. Cantor

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

23 Scopus citations


Medical cost containment has been compared to squeezing a balloon — constraining one end causes the other end to bulge. The relentless rise in national health care expenditures — estimated to consume over 700 billion and more than 12 percent of our gross national product in 1991 — has inspired numerous countermeasures. During the past two decades these have included creating incentives to join health maintenance organizations; utilization-review programs to curb unnecessary care; health planning constraints to prevent excess numbers of beds and unnecessary duplication of technology; price controls; malpractice reforms; coinsurance and deductibles to reduce patient demand; reductions in.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1099-1100
Number of pages2
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Issue number15
StatePublished - Oct 10 1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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