We compared the pathogenicity of the entomopathogenic nematodes Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, Steinernema glaseri, and S. scarabaei against third instars of 12 white grub species. The Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica) was highly susceptible to all nematode species. Oriental beetle [Exomala (= Anomala) orientalis], European chafer (Rhizotrogus majalis), Asiatic garden beetle (Maladera castanea), and the May/June beetles Phyllophaga crinita, Ph. congrua, and Ph. (Subgenus Phytalus) georgiana were highly susceptible to S. scarabaei but had mediocre to low susceptibility to H. bacteriophora and S. glaseri. The black turfgrass ataenius (Ataenius spretulus) was very susceptible to H. bacteriophora but had mediocre susceptibility to S. glaseri and S. scarabaei. Northern (Cyclocephala borealis) and southern masked chafer (C. lurida) had mediocre and southwestern masked chafer (C. pasadenae) and green June beetle (Cotinis nitida) had low susceptibility to all nematode species.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Entomopathogenic nematodes
- White grubs