Perioperative nutrition support in cancer patients

Maureen B. Huhmann, David A. August

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Malnutrition and weight loss negatively affect outcomes in surgical cancer patients. Decades of research have sought to identify the most appropriate use of nutrition support in these patients. National and international guidelines help to direct clinicians' use of nutrition support in surgical patients, but a number of specific issues concerning the use of nutrition support continue to evolve. This review focuses on 5 key issues related to perioperative nutrition support in cancer patients: (1) Which perioperative cancer patients should receive nutrition support? (2) How can the nutrition status and requirements of these patients be optimally assessed? (3) What is the optimal route of administration (parenteral nutrition vs enteral nutrition) and composition of nutrition support in this setting? (4) When should feedings be initiated? (5) What is the role of glycemic control in these patients?

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-592
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition in Clinical Practice
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Keywords

  • Blood glucose
  • Enteral nutrition
  • Medical oncology
  • Nutrition assessment
  • Nutritional support
  • Parenteral nutrition

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