Phase behavior of magnesium stearate blended with polyethylene ionomers

Katsuyuki Wakabayashi, Richard Alan Register

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The phase behavior in blends of magnesium salts of long-chain fatty acids with magnesium-neutralized ethylene-based ionomers is described. Anhydrous magnesium stearate and magnesium stearate-palmitate, collectively termed MgSt(Pm), show a common phase behavior, consisting of a crystalline lamellar mesophase (LAM) bilayer phase at low temperatures, a liquid crystalline hexagonal (HEX) phase at intermediate temperatures, and a molten disordered (DIS) phase at high temperatures. Once heated into the HEX or DIS phase, neat MgSt(Pm) is kinetically prevented from reforming the LAM phase upon cooling. Blending an ionomer into MgSt(Pm) destabilizes the HEX phase in favor of DIS; an intimately mixed DIS phase is formed above the LAM and ionomer melting points, where the ionomer acts as an effective solvent for the MgSt(Pm). Quenching this solution forms co-crystals that incorporate alkyl tails from the fatty acid salt and ethylene sequences from the ionomer. Heating the blend to below the LAM melting point melts the co-crystals and allows pure, well-ordered LAM MgSt(Pm) to crystallize from the solution. A generalized phase diagram for MgSt blended with ionomers is presented to describe the observed behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11906-11913
Number of pages8
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume49
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

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Ionomers
Polyethylene
Phase behavior
Magnesium
Polyethylenes
Fatty acids
Melting point
Ethylene
Fatty Acids
Salts
Crystalline materials
Crystals
Palmitates
Reforming reactions
Temperature
Phase diagrams
stearic acid
Molten materials
Quenching
Cooling

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The phase behavior in blends of magnesium salts of long-chain fatty acids with magnesium-neutralized ethylene-based ionomers is described. Anhydrous magnesium stearate and magnesium stearate-palmitate, collectively termed MgSt(Pm), show a common phase behavior, consisting of a crystalline lamellar mesophase (LAM) bilayer phase at low temperatures, a liquid crystalline hexagonal (HEX) phase at intermediate temperatures, and a molten disordered (DIS) phase at high temperatures. Once heated into the HEX or DIS phase, neat MgSt(Pm) is kinetically prevented from reforming the LAM phase upon cooling. Blending an ionomer into MgSt(Pm) destabilizes the HEX phase in favor of DIS; an intimately mixed DIS phase is formed above the LAM and ionomer melting points, where the ionomer acts as an effective solvent for the MgSt(Pm). Quenching this solution forms co-crystals that incorporate alkyl tails from the fatty acid salt and ethylene sequences from the ionomer. Heating the blend to below the LAM melting point melts the co-crystals and allows pure, well-ordered LAM MgSt(Pm) to crystallize from the solution. A generalized phase diagram for MgSt blended with ionomers is presented to describe the observed behavior.",
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Phase behavior of magnesium stearate blended with polyethylene ionomers. / Wakabayashi, Katsuyuki; Register, Richard Alan.

In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 49, No. 23, 01.12.2010, p. 11906-11913.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The phase behavior in blends of magnesium salts of long-chain fatty acids with magnesium-neutralized ethylene-based ionomers is described. Anhydrous magnesium stearate and magnesium stearate-palmitate, collectively termed MgSt(Pm), show a common phase behavior, consisting of a crystalline lamellar mesophase (LAM) bilayer phase at low temperatures, a liquid crystalline hexagonal (HEX) phase at intermediate temperatures, and a molten disordered (DIS) phase at high temperatures. Once heated into the HEX or DIS phase, neat MgSt(Pm) is kinetically prevented from reforming the LAM phase upon cooling. Blending an ionomer into MgSt(Pm) destabilizes the HEX phase in favor of DIS; an intimately mixed DIS phase is formed above the LAM and ionomer melting points, where the ionomer acts as an effective solvent for the MgSt(Pm). Quenching this solution forms co-crystals that incorporate alkyl tails from the fatty acid salt and ethylene sequences from the ionomer. Heating the blend to below the LAM melting point melts the co-crystals and allows pure, well-ordered LAM MgSt(Pm) to crystallize from the solution. A generalized phase diagram for MgSt blended with ionomers is presented to describe the observed behavior.

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