We sought to define the tolerance of 9-amino-20(S)-camptothecin (9-AC) when given by the i.p. route to patients with cancer in the peritoneal cavity consisting of nodules that did not exceed 1 cm in maximum diameter. 9-AC was given in six fractions over 12 days, at doses ranging from 1.25 to 13.5 mg/m2 in cycles repeated every 28 days. Dose escalations after the first two dose levels took place in cohorts of three patients, with expansion of the dose level once a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was encountered. All patients had blood and i.p. pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis during cycle 1 of each dose level. Topoisomerase (Topo) I signal was serially measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in blood and cells collected in i.p. cytologic washings. Twelve patients received 31 cycles of 9-AC. Tolerance to repeated i.p. drug administration was generally excellent. The DLT was neutropenia encountered at the highest dose level in two patients, whereas the dose of 9 mg/ m2 was well tolerated. The DLTs were associated with peak plasma levels ranging from 47 to 81 ng/ml and also depletion of Topo I in PBMCs. The i.p.:plasma AUC ratio (± SD) was 11.5 (±3.8). Two patients had objective evidence of clinical benefit and only one of seven patients deemed evaluable for response had progressive disease. We conclude that i.p. 9-AC demonstrates excellent local tolerance at a dose and schedule associated with evidence of systemic effects. A dose of 9 mg/m2/cycle administered in a schedule of six divided fractions is suitable for further evaluation against tumors involving primarily the peritoneal cavity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Cancer Research
- Topoisomerase I