Photocurrent deviation from linearity in an organic photodetector due to limited hole transport layer conductivity

J. Euvrard, A. Revaux, Antoine Kahn, D. Vuillaume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It has been demonstrated that p-doped polymer layers are a convenient replacement as hole transport layer (HTL) for the widely used Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS), yielding comparable photodetection performances at low light intensities. In this work, we aim to evaluate the response of organic photodetectors (OPDs) with increasing light intensity when p-doped PBDTTT-c is used as HTL. Photocurrent linearity measurements are performed on devices processed with both PEDOT:PSS and p-doped PBDTTT-c to better determine the role of the HTL. We show a deviation of the photocurrent from linearity for light intensities above 10−3 W/cm2 at 0 V applied bias due to distinct mechanisms depending on the HTL material. While space charge limited photocurrent (SCLP) explains the non-linearity at high light intensity for the device processed with PEDOT:PSS, bimolecular recombination is responsible for the loss in linearity when p-doped PBDTTT-c is used as HTL. The replacement of PEDOT:PSS by p-doped PBDTTT-c, which is 6 orders of magnitude less conductive, induces Langevin recombination, causing photocurrent non-linearity. Therefore, this study emphasizes the need for highly conductive transport layers when photodetection applications are targeted, and motivates further improvements in organic semiconductor doping.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105450
JournalOrganic Electronics
Volume76
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

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Photodetectors
Photocurrents
linearity
photocurrents
photometers
deviation
conductivity
luminous intensity
Semiconductor doping
High intensity light
Semiconducting organic compounds
Electric space charge
nonlinearity
Polymers
organic semiconductors
poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate)
space charge
polymers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biomaterials

Keywords

  • Organic photodetectors
  • Organic semiconductor doping
  • Photocurrent linearity

Cite this

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abstract = "It has been demonstrated that p-doped polymer layers are a convenient replacement as hole transport layer (HTL) for the widely used Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS), yielding comparable photodetection performances at low light intensities. In this work, we aim to evaluate the response of organic photodetectors (OPDs) with increasing light intensity when p-doped PBDTTT-c is used as HTL. Photocurrent linearity measurements are performed on devices processed with both PEDOT:PSS and p-doped PBDTTT-c to better determine the role of the HTL. We show a deviation of the photocurrent from linearity for light intensities above 10−3 W/cm2 at 0 V applied bias due to distinct mechanisms depending on the HTL material. While space charge limited photocurrent (SCLP) explains the non-linearity at high light intensity for the device processed with PEDOT:PSS, bimolecular recombination is responsible for the loss in linearity when p-doped PBDTTT-c is used as HTL. The replacement of PEDOT:PSS by p-doped PBDTTT-c, which is 6 orders of magnitude less conductive, induces Langevin recombination, causing photocurrent non-linearity. Therefore, this study emphasizes the need for highly conductive transport layers when photodetection applications are targeted, and motivates further improvements in organic semiconductor doping.",
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Photocurrent deviation from linearity in an organic photodetector due to limited hole transport layer conductivity. / Euvrard, J.; Revaux, A.; Kahn, Antoine; Vuillaume, D.

In: Organic Electronics, Vol. 76, 105450, 01.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Photocurrent deviation from linearity in an organic photodetector due to limited hole transport layer conductivity

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AU - Revaux, A.

AU - Kahn, Antoine

AU - Vuillaume, D.

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AB - It has been demonstrated that p-doped polymer layers are a convenient replacement as hole transport layer (HTL) for the widely used Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS), yielding comparable photodetection performances at low light intensities. In this work, we aim to evaluate the response of organic photodetectors (OPDs) with increasing light intensity when p-doped PBDTTT-c is used as HTL. Photocurrent linearity measurements are performed on devices processed with both PEDOT:PSS and p-doped PBDTTT-c to better determine the role of the HTL. We show a deviation of the photocurrent from linearity for light intensities above 10−3 W/cm2 at 0 V applied bias due to distinct mechanisms depending on the HTL material. While space charge limited photocurrent (SCLP) explains the non-linearity at high light intensity for the device processed with PEDOT:PSS, bimolecular recombination is responsible for the loss in linearity when p-doped PBDTTT-c is used as HTL. The replacement of PEDOT:PSS by p-doped PBDTTT-c, which is 6 orders of magnitude less conductive, induces Langevin recombination, causing photocurrent non-linearity. Therefore, this study emphasizes the need for highly conductive transport layers when photodetection applications are targeted, and motivates further improvements in organic semiconductor doping.

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