Pitch Prediction Filters In Speech Coding

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36 Scopus citations


Prediction error filters which combine short-time prediction (formant prediction) with long-time prediction (pitch prediction) in a cascade connection are examined. A number of different solution methods (autocorrelation, covarianee, Burg) and implementations (transversal and lattice) are considered. It is found that the F-P cascade (formant filter before the pitch filter) outperforms the P-F cascade for both transversal- and lattice-structured predictors. The performances of the transversal and lattice forms are similar. The solution method that yields a transversal structure requires a stability test and, if necessary, a consequent stabilization. The lattice form allows for a solution method which ensures a stable synthesis filter. Simplified solution methods are shown to be applicable for the pitch filter (multitap case) in an F-P cascade. Furthermore, new methods to estimate the appropriate pitch lag for a pitch filter are proposed for both transversal and lattice structures. These methods perform essentially as well as an exhaustive search in an F-P cascade. Finally, the two cascade forms are implemented as part of an APC coder to evaluate their relative subjective performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-478
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1989
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing


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