Power extraction from stall-induced oscillations of an airfoil

Flávio D. Marques, Daniel A. Pereira, Mohamed Y. Zakaria, Muhammad R. Hajj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aerodynamic and structural nonlinearities of aeroelastic systems control different aspects of their limit cycle oscillations and bifurcations. One strong nonlinear unsteady aerodynamic effect that results in self-induced oscillations of airfoils is the dynamic stall. So, the concept of power extraction from stall-induced oscillations of a pitching airfoil is investigated. Experiments are performed to explore and enhance the conversion of the oscillations of a NACA0012 airfoil that is restrained elastically in pitching to electrical power. Wind tunnel tests are performed on an airfoil model connected to a DC electric motor to harvest the energy. The effects of varying the position of the axle, which defines the elastic axis, are investigated. Bifurcation diagrams as the air speed is increased and average power estimates for different experimental conditions are used to analyze the power extraction features. The results show an aerodynamic efficiency of about 40% indicating that an airfoil oscillating under the effects of dynamic stall is an adequate platform for energy harvesting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1407-1417
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • Aeroelasticity
  • dynamic stall
  • energy harvesting
  • limit cycle oscillations
  • stall-induced oscillations

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