Power harvesting from transverse galloping of square cylinder

Abdessattar Abdelkefi, Muhammad R. Hajj, Ali H. Nayfeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The concept of exploiting galloping of square cylinders to harvest energy is investigated. The energy is harvested by attaching a piezoelectric transducer to the transverse degree of freedom. A representative model that accounts for the coupled cylinder displacement and harvested voltage is used to determine the levels of the harvested power. The focus is on the effect of the Reynolds number on the aerodynamic force, the onset of galloping, and the level of the harvested power. The quasi steady approximation is used to model the aerodynamic loads. A linear analysis is performed to determine the effects of the electrical load resistance and the Reynolds number on the onset of galloping, which is due to a Hopf bifurcation. We derive the normal form of the dynamic system near the onset of galloping to characterize the type of the instability and to determine the effects of the system parameters on its outputs near the bifurcation. The results show that the electrical load resistance and the Reynolds number play an important role in determining the level of the harvested power and the onset of galloping. The results also show that the maximum levels of harvested power are accompanied with minimum transverse displacements for both low- and high- Reynolds number configurations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1355-1363
Number of pages9
JournalNonlinear Dynamics
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

Keywords

  • Energy harvesting
  • Hopf bifurcation
  • Normal form
  • Piezoelectric material
  • Square cylinders
  • Transverse galloping

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