L'étude de cas pragmatique: Une méthode de recherche rigoureuse et systématique qui parle aux praticiens

Translated title of the contribution: Pragmatic case study method for creating rigourous and systematic, practitioner-friendly research

Daniel B. Fishman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Psychotherapy Case studies have the capacity to link directly to the work of practitioners because these studies are grounded in the same type of setting in which clinicians function, that of the single case. Not surprisingly, then, case studies have played a most important role in the development of a wide range of therapy models, like psychoanalysis, behavioral therapy, and patient-centered therapy. However, until recently, case studies as a method of research have fallen into disuse because they have been viewed as subjective and journalistic. This situation has changed with the growth of the philosophical movement of postmodernism, which has encouraged pluralism in the social sciences, and in turn stimulated new approaches to the case study as a serious method for psychotherapy research. This paper reviews one such approach, the pragmatic case study method, which is grounded in the fast-growing "mixed methods" model in the social sciences that seeks new ways to integrate qualitative and quantitative research designs and data. This paper begins with an overview of the growing variety of types of psychotherapy research, indicating where case studies fit in and describing a new design that integrates the use of pragmatic case studies with randomized clinical trials. The paper then lays out the basic structure of the pragmatic case study, in the context of viewing therapy as a complex adaptive system and as an example of Peterson's (1991) "Disciplined Inquiry" model of professional practice. The paper then provides a more concrete idea of the pragmatic case study by summarizing guidelines for writing such a case study for the online journal, Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy (PCSP), and by describing the structure of a specific example of a pragmatic case study published in the journal, the case of Caroline by Ueli Kramer.

Translated title of the contributionPragmatic case study method for creating rigourous and systematic, practitioner-friendly research
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)3-12
Number of pages10
JournalPsychotherapies
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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