We have studied the proteins encoded by the transforming region of the closely related human adenovirus serotypes 2 and 5. Messenger RNAs complementary to the two parts of this region, E1A and E1B, were prepared separately by hybridization to cloned DNA fragments encompassing 0.8 to 4.5 map units (for E1A) and 9.8 to 11.1 map units (for E1B). These RNAs were further fractionated by electrophoresis through agarose gels containing methylmercuric hydroxide, and then translated in vitro to identify the proteins encoded by each RNA species. E1A and E1B RNAs isolated at early and at late times after infection were compared. Three size classes of E1A mRNA direct the synthesis of at least five proteins: a28K protein encoded by a 0.6 kb mRNA, 42K and 54K proteins encoded by a 0.9 kb mRNA(s), and 48K and 58K proteins encoded by a 1.1 kb mRNA(s). The mRNA for the 28K protein accumulates preferentially at late times. Three size classes of early E1B mRNA direct the synthesis of three proteins: a 15K protein encoded by a 0.9 kb mRNA, an 18K protein encoded by a 1.2 kb mRNA, and a 57K protein encoded by a 2.6 kb mRNA. The mRNA for the 15K protein continues to accumulate at late times, and an additional 22K protein is made, while the 18K and 57K proteins are synthesized poorly, if at all, with late RNA. Substantially different E1A and E1B proteins are encoded by RNA from cells infected with the adenovirus type 5 mutants dl311, dl312, dl313, dl314 and hr1, which are all defective for replication on human cells and, except for dl311, for transformation. dl312, dl314 and hr1 are also defective for early viral gene expression. No viral mRNA could be detected in either dl312 or dl314-infected cells. hr1-infected cells contain a 0.9 kb mRNA encoding E1A 54K and 42K, but instead of 58K and 48K, the 1.1 kb hr1-E1A mRNA is translated into a 26K protein. The E1B mRNAs are present in substantially decreased amounts in hr1-infected cells. dl311-infected cells contain E1A mRNAs of 1.1 and 0.9 kb, encoding 38K and 34K proteins, respectively, and normal E1B mRNAs. The dl313 mRNAs of 1.1 and 0.9 kb contained fused E1A and E1B sequences and were translated into 40K and 36K proteins, respectively. These results are related to the mRNA structures and the biological activity of regions of the individual proteins.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Structural Biology