Psychosocial factors and health perceptions in parents and children who are overweight or obese

Margaret E. O'Neil, Patricia A. Shewokis, Kathleen K. Falkenstein, Cynthia W. Delago, Sinclair A. Smith, Nicole A. Vaughn, Tracy E. Costigan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the relationships among weight status (BMI), health perceptions, and psychosocial characteristics in children, parents, and parent-child dyads. A convenient sample of 114 parent-child dyads participated. All children were overweight or obese. Parents and children completed questionnaires by self-report or interview. Questionnaires included the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI), the Parents' Stage of Change (SOC) Questionnaire, and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL). Child's mean age was 10.34 years (s.d. = 1.87), mean BMI was 28.13kg/m2 (s.d. = 5.46), and mean BMI z-score was 2.17 (s.d. = 0.38). Parent mean age was 37.28 years (s.d. = 12.66) and mean BMI was 34.07kg/m2 (s.d. = 8.18). Most parents (68.5%) reported that they and their children (70.7%) were African American and many (44.3%) reported that they and their children were Hispanic. Significant correlations included: child health perceptions and child BMI (r = 0.309, P<0.001) and parent perception of weight and parent BMI (r = 0.691, P<0.001). For parent-child dyads, one correlation approached significance (child health perceptions and parent stage of change (r =-0.269, P<0.01). Findings suggest that characteristics of parent-child dyads may be important considerations in the management of childhood obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1558-1565
Number of pages8
JournalObesity
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Psychosocial factors and health perceptions in parents and children who are overweight or obese'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this