When a functional murine adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (aprt) gene linked to bovine papilloma virus (BPV) DNA is transfected into Aprt- L cells, the cells are rendered Aprt- and the aprt gene persists as an episome. Cotransfection with two BPV vectors, one containing the 5′ half of the aprt gene and the other the 3′ half of the gene, that share about 300 by of common sequence in intron 2, produces Aprt+ cells with functional aprt as an episome. Southern blot analysis of low molecular weight DNA derived from Hirt extracts revealed the regeneration of a diagnostic Smal fragment, consistent with establishment of an episome with functional aprt that was reconstituted as a consequence of recombination. To establish cells with an episomal target for recombination, BPV vectors containing a G418 resistance marker and either the 5′ half or 3′ half of aprt were transfected into Aprt- L cells. Stably transfected cells, selected by their growth in G418, were in turn transfected with DNA containing the other half of the aprt gene. Following selection of Aprt+ cells, Southern blot and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of low molecular weight DNA confirmed the presence of a complete episomal aprt gene. The region of DNA shared by the episomal aprt fragment and the transfected aprt half was sequenced after PCR amplification of the reconstituted, episomal gene and was found to be wild type. The region of overlap that serves as the substrate for recombination lies entirely within an intron and can, therefore, tolerate nucleotide substitutions and deletions. The absence of such errors in the sequences examined is consistent with recombination events that are not error prone.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Gene targeting