Remote sensing of atmospheric gases with optical correlation spectroscopy and lidar: First experimental results on water vapor profile measurements

Benjamin Thomas, Grégory David, Christophe Anselmo, Jean Pierre Cariou, Alain Miffre, Patrick Rairoux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations


In this paper, the first experimental demonstration of the optical correlation spectroscopy lidar (OCS-lidar) is proposed. It is a new active remote sensing methodology to measure range-resolved atmospheric gas concentrations, based on broadband laser spectroscopy and light amplitude modulation. As a first step, a numerical study is performed for OCS-lidar measurements to optimize the accuracy of the range-resolved gas concentration measurement. Then, we demonstrate the ability of the OCS-lidar methodology to monitor the water vapor in the planetary boundary layer using the 4ν 720-nm absorption band. In addition to this first experimental proof, two different experimental configurations are proposed. The amplitude modulation, related to the optical correlation spectroscopy, is operated either at the emission with an active amplitude modulator before the backscattering process, or with passive optical filters on the laser backscattered light. For both configurations, range-resolved gas concentration measurements, achieved with a micro-pulse ground-based OCS-lidar, are presented. An extended discussion presents the mixing-ratio accuracy, which reaches ±1,000 ppm at a 2,000-m range for a range resolution of 200 m. The differences between the two experimental configurations are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-275
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Physics B: Lasers and Optics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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