Biodegradable magnesium-calcium alloy is an attractive orthopedic biomaterial compared to permanent metallic alloys. However, the critical issue is that magnesium-calcium alloy corrodes too fast in the human organism. Hook-shaped compressive residual stress profiles, induced by various surface modification techniques in near surface zone, are proven to slower the degradation rate. This guarantees the presence of the implant in-vivo till the metabolic reactions leading to healing are over. The knowledge on how process parameters affect residual stress profiles is fundamental in successfully engineering the implants surface. Majority of surface modification techniques fall into two broad categories of cutting and forming operations. This study investigates the effects of process parameters in high speed face milling, representing a cutting operation, and low plasticity burnishing, as a micro forming process, on residual stress and microhardness profiles.