Rhetorically controlled encoder-decoder for modern Chinese poetry generation

Zhiqiang Liu, Zuohui Fu, Jie Cao, Gerard de Melo, Yik Cheung Tam, Cheng Niu, Jie Zhou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rhetoric is a vital element in modern poetry, and plays an essential role in improving its aesthetics. However, to date, it has not been considered in research on automatic poetry generation. In this paper, we propose a rhetorically controlled encoder-decoder for modern Chinese poetry generation. Our model relies on a continuous latent variable as a rhetoric controller to capture various rhetorical patterns in an encoder, and then incorporates rhetoric-based mixtures while generating modern Chinese poetry. For metaphor and personification, an automated evaluation shows that our model outperforms state-of-the-art baselines by a substantial margin, while a human evaluation shows that our model generates better poems than baseline methods in terms of fluency, coherence, meaningfulness, and rhetorical aesthetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACL 2019 - 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference
PublisherAssociation for Computational Linguistics (ACL)
Pages1992-2001
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781950737482
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020
Event57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL 2019 - Florence, Italy
Duration: Jul 28 2019Aug 2 2019

Publication series

NameACL 2019 - 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference

Conference

Conference57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL 2019
CountryItaly
CityFlorence
Period7/28/198/2/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Linguistics and Language

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  • Cite this

    Liu, Z., Fu, Z., Cao, J., de Melo, G., Tam, Y. C., Niu, C., & Zhou, J. (2020). Rhetorically controlled encoder-decoder for modern Chinese poetry generation. In ACL 2019 - 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (pp. 1992-2001). (ACL 2019 - 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference). Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL).