Role of Cytokines in the Formation and Down regulation of Hepatic Circumoval Granulomas and Hepatic Fibrosis in Schistosoma mansoni-Infected Mice

Allen W. Cheever, Dragana Jankovic, George S. Yap, Marika C. Kullberg, Alan Sher, Thomas A. Wynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Schistosoma mansoni infections are associated with a strong Th2 cytokine response. Treatment of mice with IL-12 or anti-IL-2 or anti-IL-4 before i.v. injection of eggs increased IFN- γ production and downregulated Th2 responses and pulmonary granuloma size. Conversely, anti-IFN-γ antibody treatment increased Th2 responses and granuloma size. Similar manipulation produced less dramatic results in infected mice. However, sensitization of mice with eggs + IL-12 before infection augmented the Th1 response and decreased Th2 cytokines, granuloma size and fibrosis. Antisera to IFN-γ. TNF-α or IL-12 during IL-12-egg immunization partly restored granuloma size and fibrosis following infection. Variations in the size of granulomas in acute (8 week) infections may be influenced primarily by the number and state of activation of T cells. In chronic (12-16 week) infections immunologic downmodulation proceeded normally in mice without functional CD8+ cells and in IFN-γ KO mice hut not in B cell KO (μMT) mice or in mice deficient in FcR expression in spite of the fact that these mice downregulated their T cell and cytokine responses. It is evident that the participation of cytokines in granuloma formation and regulation is complicated and that the mechanisms controlling both these phenomena are likely to involve both T cells and antibody/FcR interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalMemorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Volume93 SUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Granulomas
  • Hepatic fibrosis
  • Immunoregulation
  • Schistosomiasis
  • Type 2 delayed hypersensitivity

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