The goals of the study were to examine the efficacy of knowledge maps or text presentations of information in facilitating the search for information, to examine the influence of prior knowledge and vocabulary level on the search for information, and to determine if these variables differentially affected the search for different kinds of information. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four groups. Groups 1 and 2 heard a lecture on the target information for the experiment. Group 1 then searched for different kinds of information in knowledge maps whereas Group 2 searched texts. Groups 3 and 4 were identical to Groups 1 and 2 with the exception that members of Groups 3 and 4 listened to a lecture on information that was irrelevant to the target information of the experiment. Results of the study showed that the type of information sought influenced the effects of material format and searcher characteristics on the efficacy of search.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental and Educational Psychology