Situation, background, assessment, recommendation (SBAR) technique education enhances pharmacy student communication ability and confidence

Lindsay A. Brust-Sisti, Marc Sturgill, Lucio R. Volino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: The Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation (SBAR) technique is a method that can be incorporated into a professional healthcare curriculum to enhance students' ability to communicate information logically and concisely. This educational research activity was designed to assess the impact of SBAR training on pharmacy students' ability to communicate pharmacotherapy recommendations during a simulated telephone intervention with a prescriber. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the impact of the activity on student self-perception of confidence, potential correlations between prior experience and both performance and confidence, and the activity's overall quality and value. Educational Activity and Setting: Third professional year pharmacy students enrolled in a required communications course completed the simulated telephone intervention both before and after SBAR training. The teaching and learning activity was evaluated by comparing pre- and post-activity intervention scores, and a post-activity survey measuring secondary study objectives. Findings: Of the 198 students enrolled in the course, 197 consented to participate in the study (99% response rate). Median scores on pre- and post-activity interventions were 12/20 and 18/20 points, respectively (p < 0.001). Student-perceived confidence in the ability to deliver a pharmacotherapy-related intervention improved (p < 0.001) and most students (92%) indicated that the activity enhanced their communication skills. There was a significant positive correlation between previous pharmacy-related experience and student confidence, both before and after SBAR training. SBAR training is a valuable component of pharmacy education. Training will be introduced earlier in the curriculum and incorporated into a variety of activities and courses, including interprofessional educational activities.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)409-416
Number of pages8
JournalCurrents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


  • Communication
  • Education
  • Perceptions
  • Pharmacy
  • SBAR
  • Simulation


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