African Americans are prone to develop not only essential hypertension but also progressive renal injury. We present a simple model to explain salt-induced renal injury (sodium glomerulopathy) in African Americans, the central features of which are the tubuloglomerular feedback and the balance/imbalance between the vascular tones of the afferent and efferent glomerular arterioles. We propose that in African Americans, habitual consumption of high salt causes chronic intermittent tubular hyperperfusion of the macula densa, resulting in a rightward and upward resetting of the operating point for the tubuloglomerular feedback. The resetting of the operating point causes an imbalance between the vascular tones of the afferent/efferent arterioles, a rise in the glomerular capillary hydraulic pressure, and consequent hyperfiltration. Increased susceptibility to glomerular hyperfiltration of African Americans on a high salt intake may explain their proclivity to progressive renal injury associated with essential hypertension.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Glomerular filtration
- Kidney failure