Squamous cell carcinoma of the parotid gland: A population-based analysis of 2545 cases

Michael J. Pfisterer, Alejandro Vazquez, Leila J. Mady, Mohemmed N. Khan, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the parotid gland is an uncommon tumor, which generally affects older patients. In this study, we explore various aspects of this entity using a national population-based database. Methods The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry was used to extract data on frequency, incidence, and disease-specific survival (DSS) from 1973 to 2009. Variables analyzed included age, gender, race, histologic grade, stage and treatment. Cox proportional hazards analysis was conducted. Results A total of 2545 cases were identified. Parotid SCC was most common in males (79.8%), whites (92.9%), and patients aged 75 years (51.4%). Incidence increased slightly over the past three decades (annual percent change 1.90%, p < 0.05). Overall 5-year DSS was 54.4%. Statistically significant poor prognostic factors included black race, age 75 years, tumor T3 or greater, and higher clinical stage at diagnosis. Elective neck dissection (END) in patients staged N0 was associated with higher DSS (78.3% versus 51.1%, p < 0.0001). The omission of END was associated with a three-fold greater hazard of death (hazard ratio 3.19, 95% confidence interval 1.53-7.26, p = 0.0016), regardless of whether or not radiotherapy was given. Conclusion Parotid SCC is uncommon, and data on treatment decisions are limited. Our study profiles the demographic, clinicopathologic, incidence, and survival features of this entity. Perhaps most notably, our results support the practice of END of the N0 neck.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-475
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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