Steady and transient flow of a non-Newtonian chemically reactive fluid in a twin-screw extruder

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Abstract

The flow of chemically reactive non-Newtonian materials, such as bio-polymers and acrylates, in a folly intermeshing, co-rotating twin-screw extruder is numerically investigated. A detailed study of the system transient behavior is carried out. The main transient aspects, including response time, variation of system variables, and instability of operation, are studied for both single- and twin-screw extruders. The effect of a time-dependent variation in the boundary conditions is studied. The coupling due to conduction heat transfer in the screw barrel is found to be very important and is taken into account for single-screw extruders. In the absence of this conjugate coupling, the response time is much shorter. Several other interesting trends are obtained with respect to the dependence of the transient response on the fluid, materials, and operating conditions. Steady state results are obtained at large time. The calculated velocity distributions in the screw channel are compared with experimental results in the literature for steady state flow and good agreement has been obtained. The numerical results show that not all desired operating conditions are feasible. The calculated results for transient transport agree with the few experimental observations available on this system. These results will be useful in the design, control and optimization of polymer extrusion processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-319
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Heat Transfer Division, (Publication) HTD
Volume369
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001
Event2001 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition - New York, NY, United States
Duration: Nov 11 2001Nov 16 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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