Stimulation of Neurite Outgrowth in Neuroblastoma Cells by Neuraminidase: Putative Role of GM1 Ganglioside in Differentiation

Gusheng Wu, Robert W. Ledeen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract: Treatment of three neuroblastoma cell types in culture with neuraminidase resulted in enhanced neurite outgrowth. These included the mouse Neuro‐2A and rat B104 and B50 lines. The morphological changes depended on the presence of exogenous Ca2+ and were accompanied by modest but statistically significant increases in 45Ca2+ influx. Neur‐aminidase‐stimulated neuritogenesis was blocked by the B subunit of cholera toxin (cholera B) and anti‐GM1 antibody, a finding suggesting the effect was due to an increased amount of GM1 on the cell surface. Cholera B also blocked the increase in 45Ca2+ influx. The mouse N1A‐103 line, previously characterized as “neurite minus,” did not respond to neuraminidase with either neurite outgrowth or enhanced Ca2+ influx. These results point to an influence of GM1 on neuritogenesis in cells with differentiation potential and suggest a mechanism involving modulation of Ca2+ flux.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-104
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Biochemistry

Keywords

  • Calcium dependency
  • Cholera toxin B subunit
  • Differentiation
  • GM1 ganglioside
  • Gangliotetraose ganglio‐sides
  • Neuraminidase
  • Neurite outgrowth
  • Neuroblastoma cells

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