Strat-M® synthetic membrane: Permeability comparison to human cadaver skin

Anika Haq, Benjamin Goodyear, Dina Ameen, Vivek Joshi, Bozena Michniak-Kohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


The aim of this work was to investigate the correlation of permeation behavior of transdermal formulations through a novel synthetic membrane (Strat-M® EMD Millipore, MA) and human cadaver skin. Strat-M® membranes were designed with the intent to share similar structural and chemical characteristics found in the human skin however, omitting any biological behavior due to the absence of viable cells. Both human skin and the membrane display a layered structure with a very tight top layer. Additionally, the Strat-M® membrane contains a combination of lipids in a specific ratio similar to what is found in the human stratum corneum (SC). Formulations containing nicotine and a chemical penetration enhancer (CPE) were used for evaluating drug penetration to understand how each enhancer impacts the permeability of nicotine as a model compound. The permeability measurements of human cadaver skin and Strat-M® membrane were performed with Franz diffusion cell methods accompanied by HPLC analysis. A good correlation of the permeability data was obtained through human cadaver skin and Strat-M® membrane. Thus, Strat-M® has the potential to be used as a screening tool for evaluating topical/transdermal formulations through the human cadaver skin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-437
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Aug 25 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science


  • Chemical penetration enhancer (CPE)
  • Franz diffusion study
  • Nicotine
  • Skin permeation
  • Strat-M membrane
  • Transdermal drug delivery


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