Sustained response to selection in an introduced population of the hermaphroditic bay scallop Argopecten irradians irradians Lamarck (1819)

Huaiping Zheng, Guofan Zhang, Xiao Liu, Ximing Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduced species often start with limited genetic variability, which is problematic for selective breeding. The problem of inbreeding can be exasperated by hermaphroditism. The bay scallop Argopecten irradians irradians is a hermaphroditic species that has been introduced to and now supports a major aquaculture industry in China. Positive response to selection for fast growth was observed in one of the less inbred stocks in a previous study. In this study, we evaluated selection for the second generation to determine if response to selection can be sustained in this introduced population of a hermaphroditic species. Response to selection, realized heritability for the second generation, cumulative (over two generations), current (for the second generation) and residual (from the first generation) genetic gains were estimated by comparing three different types of lines: SS (selected for two generation), SC (selected for the first generation only) and CC (unselected for two generations). The SS line grew significantly faster (P < 0.05) than the other two lines, indicating that the second generation selection for faster growth is still effective. Response to selection and realized heritability for the second generation were 0.612 ± 0.101 and 0.349 ± 0.057, respectively, which are similar to those observed for the first generation. The cumulative, current, and residual gains were 17.56 ± 5.30%, 10.63 ± 2.46%, and 6.25 ± 3.13%, respectively. The sustained response to selection for the second generation observed here suggests that considerable genetic variability exists in this population and that future efforts on selective breeding are likely to be fruitful.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-585
Number of pages7
JournalAquaculture
Volume255
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 31 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

Keywords

  • Argopecten irradians irradians
  • Bay scallop
  • Genetic gains
  • Heritability
  • Hermaphrodite
  • Inbreeding
  • Response to selection

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